Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Arecales

Arecaceae - Palm family


Dransfield, J. (1986) Palmae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, usually very large and in terminal rosettes, with a sheathing base; petiole or rhachis often prickly; lamina pinnate or costapalmate. Plants dioecious (in ours). Inflorescences axillary, simple to paniculate. Flowers usually small, unisexual or bisexual. Calyx and corolla usually in whorls of 3. Fruit usually a drupe; seed usually 1.

Worldwide: 201 genera and 2,650 species, tropical (but few in Africa) and warm.

Zimbabwe: 19 cultivated genera and 23 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Archontophoenix H.A. Wendl.
Caryota L.
Chamaedorea Willd.
Chamaerops L.
Cocos L.
Dypsis Mart.
Elaeis Jacq.Description
Howea Becc.
Hyophorbe Gaertn.
Livistona R. Br.
Lytocaryum Toledo
Phoenix L.Description
Ptychosperma Labill.
Rhapis L.f. ex Aiton
Roystonea O.F. Cook
Sabal Adans.
Syagrus Mart.
Trachycarpus H.A. Wendl.
Washingtonia H.A. Wendl.

Other sources of information about Arecaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Arecaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Arecaceae
Flora of Malawi: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Zambia: Arecaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Arecaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Arecaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Arecaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=20, retrieved 31 May 2016

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