Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Urticaceae - Nettle family


Friis, I. (1991) Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Stipules usually present. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually strongly 3-veined from the base. Cystoliths generally present. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Flowers minute, unisexual, with 1 whorl of tepals. Ovary superior with 1 erect basal ovule.

Comment: In addition to the stinging nettles in this family, species of Tragia in Euphorbiaceae have stinging hairs and sometimes nettle-like leaves.

Worldwide: 44 genera and 1,230 species, tropical, with a few temperate.

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated genera and 3 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Pilea Lindl.Description
Urtica L.Description

Other sources of information about Urticaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Urticaceae
Flora of Malawi: Urticaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Urticaceae
Flora of Zambia: Urticaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Urticaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Urticaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Urticaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=227, retrieved 23 October 2016

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