Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Phrymaceae - Lopseed family

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Description of the family

Perennial or annual herbs (in ours), rarely aquatic; stems often 4-angled. Leaves simple, opposite or alternate; margins entire or toothed; sometimes gland-dotted; venation pinnate to palmate. Inflorescence of solitary, axillary flowers (in ours), cymes, spikes or racemes. Flowers bisexual; usually zygomorphic. Sepals fused, persistent. Petals fused, tubular, 2-lipped, usually 2 upper and 3 lower or 5 equal. Ovary superior; carpels fused. Stigmas often sensitive, closing on contact with a pollinator. Fruit a loculicidal capsule (in ours), rarely septicidal, or an achene or rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 16 genera and c. 220 species in the New World, Africa, Asia and Australasia.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated genus and 1 cultivated taxon.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Mimulus L.Description

Other sources of information about Phrymaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phrymaceae
Flora of Malawi: Phrymaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Phrymaceae
Flora of Zambia: Phrymaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phrymaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Phrymaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Phrymaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=292, retrieved 6 December 2016

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