Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Caryophyllales

Cactaceae - Cactus family

Gonçalves, M.L. (1978) Cactaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4

Leistner, O.A. (ed.) (2000) Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera Strelitzia 10

Description of the family

Herbs, perennials, epiphytes, shrubs or trees, usually succulent. Stems variously modified: cylindric, flattened or spherical, bearing complex axillary, rounded, usually raised structures (areoles) The areoles bear flowers, leaves, spine clusters and often barbed bristles. Leaves present, often deciduous, or reduced or 0. Flowers solitary, sessile (except Pereskia), bisexual, usually actinomorphic. Perianth segments in gradual transition from green sepals to often very showy petals. Stamens numerous. Ovary inferior, 1-locular. Fruit usually a berry, rarely a capsule.

Worldwide: 97 genera and 1,400 species, mostly hot and dry habitats in the New World, a few Old World tropical.

Zimbabwe: 8 cultivated genera and 10 cultivated taxa.

Pereskia aculeata

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Cereus Mill.Image
Epiphyllum Haw.
Harrisia BrittonImage
Hylocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose
Opuntia Mill.Description
Pereskia Mill.Description, Image
Rhipsalis Gaertn.Description
Selenicereus (A. Berger) Britton & Rose

Other sources of information about Cactaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cactaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Cactaceae
Flora of Malawi: Cactaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Cactaceae
Flora of Zambia: Cactaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cactaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cactaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Cactaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=42, retrieved 24 October 2016

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