Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Aloaceae - Aloe family

Carter, S. (2001) Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3)

Grace, O.M., Klopper, R.R., Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R., Figueiredo, E., Rønsted, N., Van Wyk, A.E. (2013) A revised generic classification for Aloe (Xanthorrhoeaceae subfam. Asphodeloideae) Phytotaxa 76(1) 7-14

Description of the family

Succulent perennial herbs, some attaining the height of small trees. Stems present or 0. Leaves succulent, often stiff, distichous, borne in rosettes, ovate-acuminate and with a sharp-pointed tip and with hard-toothed or spiny margins. Inflorescence a simple or compound raceme. Bracts scarious, persistent. Flowers bisexual, often zygomorphic, pedicellate. Perianth of 6 lobes, tubular, red, orange, yellow, white or green; tube cylindric; lobes short, fused below, triangular. Stamens 6. Ovary superior, 3-locular. Fruit a 3-angled capsule. Seeds irregularly angled, often winged.

Worldwide: 6? genera and c.500 species, tropics and especially S Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Canary Isles.

Zimbabwe: 2 cultivated genera and 7 cultivated taxa.

Aloe excelsa var. excelsa

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Aloe L.Description, Image
Aloidendron (A.Berger) R.R. Klopper & Gideon F. Sm.Description

Other sources of information about Aloaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aloaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Aloaceae
Flora of Malawi: Aloaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Aloaceae
Flora of Zambia: Aloaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Aloaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Aloaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Aloaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=7, retrieved 28 July 2016

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