Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis or vlei-lily family

Nordal, I. (1982) Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008) Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1)

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs or rhizomes. Leaves in a basal rosette or fan. Scape leafless, solid or hollow. Inflorescence of 1-many flowers in an umbel-like inflorescence, subtended by an involucre of 1-many bracts and with ephemeral hyaline bracts between the flowers. Flowers showy, bisexual, 3-merous, actinomorphic (less often slightly zygomorphic). Perianth segments in 2 series of 3, free or ± united; corona sometimes present. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a capsule or berry.

Comment: The combination of flowers in umbels, inferior ovary and 6 stamens defines this family unambiguously. The somewhat similar-looking Alliaceae differs in having a superior ovary.

Worldwide: 65 genera and 725 species occurring in tropical and warm areas, notably in South Africa and the Andes.

Zimbabwe: 10 cultivated genera and 12 cultivated taxa.

Clivia miniata

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Amaryllis L.
Clivia Lindl.Description, Image
Crinum L.Description
Cyrtanthus AitonDescription
Eucharis Planch. & Linden
Hymenocallis Salisb.
Nerine Herb.Description
Scadoxus Raf.Description, Image
Sprekelia Heist.
Zephyranthes Herb.Description

Other sources of information about Amaryllidaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Malawi: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zambia: Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Amaryllidaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Amaryllidaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Amaryllidaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=9, retrieved 24 October 2016

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