8094.000 Justicia L.

ADHATODA Mill.

BELOPERONE Nees

JACOBINIA Nees ex Moricand

MONECHMA Hochst.

Hedrén, M. (1989) Justicia sect. Harnieria (Acanthaceae) in Tropical Africa Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(1) 1-141

Hedrén, M. (1990) The Justicia elegantula complex (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 103(3) 263-280

Kelbessa, E. (1990) Justicia Sect. Ansellia (Acanthaceae) Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(2) 1-96

Description of the genus

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite, entire. Inflorescences cymose. Bract (0-)1. Bracteoles 2. Calyx 4-5-lobed, to near the base. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip very shortly 2-lobed; lower deeply 3-lobed with raised palate. Stamens 2; thecae 2, lower with a well-defined whitish tail. Ovary 2-locular with 2 ovules per loculus. Capsule cylindric or clavate, (1-)4-seeded. Seeds usually rough.

Derivation of name: Named after James Justice (1698-1763), a Scottish nurseryman

Worldwide: c. 600 species in tropical and warm countries and temperate N America

Zimbabwe: 8 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Zizula hylax (Gaika blue) Food plant
Justicia betonica

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
adhatodioides (Nees) V.A.W. Graham
aurea Schltdl.
betonica L.Description, Image
brandegeeana Wassh. & L.B. Sm.Image
carnea Lindl.Image
fulvicoma Cham. & Schltdl.
plantaginifolia J. Jacq.
spicigera Schtdl.

Other sources of information about Justicia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia
Flora of Caprivi: Justicia
Flora of Malawi: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zambia: Justicia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Justicia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Justicia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1357, retrieved 30 May 2016

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