1321.000 Heliconia L.

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, from rhizomes; true aerial stems absent or weak and concealed in pseudo-stem. Leaves basal, or basal and cauline, 2-ranked differentiated into basal sheath, petiole and lamina; sheaths overlapping forming pseudo-stem; ligule absent; lateral veins parallel, diverging from prominent mid-rib. Inflorescence 1 per aerial shoot, projecting from tip of the pseudo-stem, pedunculate racemes of several- many-flowered cymes. Flowers bilaterally symmetric; sepals and petals scarcely differentiated, sepals 3, 2 fused; petals 3, fused. Fruit a drupe, blue, rarely red or yellow, at maturity. Seeds without an aril.

Derivation of name: After Mount Helicon, seat of the Muses.

Worldwide: 200 species in North America, Mexico, Central America, West Indies and Oceania.

Zimbabwe: 1 cultivated taxon.

Heliconia rostrata

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
rostrata Ruiz & PavonDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Heliconia:

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Heliconia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Heliconia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Heliconia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heliconia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Heliconia
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Heliconia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Heliconia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1768, retrieved 22 February 2017

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