3446.000 Acacia Mill. - Thorn trees

SENEGALIA Raf.

VACHELLIA Wight & Arn.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999) Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare

Description of the genus

Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, armed with thorns (native spp.) or unarmed (introduced spp.). Leaves alternate, 2-pinnate or (in some introduced spp.) modified to phyllodes and thus appearing to have simple leaves. Pinnae opposite, subopposite, sometimes alternate. Gland usually present on the upper side of the petiole, sometimes also glands on the rhachis. Inflorescences usually axillary, racemose or paniculate; flowers in elongated spikes or spherical heads, bisexual or unisexual. Calyx gamosepalous, subtruncate or with 4-5 lobes. Corolla 4-5(-7)-lobed. Stamens numerous. Anthers glandular or eglandular. Pod very variable, dehiscent or indehiscent. An important genus, occurring commonly in a wide range of habitats. A careful distinction should be made between the stipules which in some species are modified into straight spines arising from near the leaf base and prickles, which are usually curved and are usually found near the nodes but may occur along the stems. Some acacias, especially older trees, may be unarmed, which can be very puzzling. It is recommended that a careful search is made of the tree (if possible) or of similar trees in the area. An important general rule with acacias is that those with straight spines (stipules) have flowers in spherical heads and those with curved prickles have flowers in spikes. The exceptions are: Faidherbia albida has straight spines and flowers in spikes. Acacia mellifera has curved prickles but the flower spike is so short as to appear almost spherical. Acacia schweinfurthii has curved prickles and flowers in spherical heads. Acacia tortilis has both curved prickles and straight spiny stipules and flowers in spherical heads.

Worldwide: 1200 species in tropical and warm areas, many in Australia

Zimbabwe: 27 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Azanus jesous (Topaz-spotted blue) Food plant
Cirina forda (Emperor moth) Food plant
Cyligramma latona (Cream-striped owl) Food plant
Hippotion celerio (Silver-striped hawk, Vine hawk) Food plant
Sphingomorpha chlorea (Sundowner moth or Banana hawk) Food plant
Acacia podalyriifolia

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth.Description, Image
alata R. Br.
amythethophylla Steud. ex A. Rich.Description, Image
angustissima (Mill.) KuntzeDescription, Image
baileyana F. Muell.
cultriformis A. Cunn. ex G. Don
cyclops A. Cunn. ex G. Don
dealbata LinkDescription, Image
decurrens (Wendl.) Willd.
elata A. Cunn. ex Benth.
farnesiana (L.) Willd.
galpinii Burtt DavyDescription, Image
karroo HayneDescription, Image
longifolia (Andrews) Willd.
mearnsii De Wild.Description, Image
melanoxylon R. Br.Description, Image
nigrescens Oliv.Description, Image
pendula G. Don
podalyriifolia A. Cunn. ex G. DonDescription, Image
polyacantha Willd. subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) BrenanDescription, Image
retinodes Schltdl.
salicina Lindl.
saligna (Labill.) H.L. Wendl.
schinoides Benth.
sieberiana DC. var. woodii (Burtt Davy) Keay & BrenanDescription, Image
xanthophloea Benth.Description, Image
xanthophloea form with creamy-white flowersDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Acacia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia
Flora of Malawi: Acacia
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acacia
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Acacia
Flora of Zambia: Acacia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Acacia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=667, retrieved 1 September 2016

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