4498.000 Euphorbia L.

CHAMAESYCE Gray

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Monoecious annual, biennial or perennial herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes succulent. Milky latex present. Stipules usually present. Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes opposite or whorled. Inflorescence composed of cyathia in simple, dichotomous or umbellate terminal cymes; bracts paired, often leaf-like, sometimes brightly coloured. Cyathia with (1-)4-5(-8) glands around the rim alternating with 5 fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups separated by fringed membranes, bracteolate. Female flower subsessile or with the pedicel elongating or reflexed in fruit. Ovary 3-locular. Styles 3, partly united. Fruit a dehiscent capsule, usually 3-lobed.

Worldwide: c.2000 species, cosmopolitan, but more in warm areas

Zimbabwe: 13 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Zizeeria knysna (Sooty blue) Food plant
Euphorbia milii

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger var. cooperi Description, Image
cotinifolia L.
cyathophora MurrayDescription, Image
fulgens Karw. ex Klotzsch
griseola Pax subsp. griseola Description, Image
griseola Pax subsp. mashonica L.C. LeachDescription, Image
ingens E. Mey. ex Boiss.Description, Image
lathyris L.
leucocephala LotsyDescription, Image
milii Des Moul.Description, Image
pulcherrima Willd. ex KlotzschDescription, Image
tirucalli L.Description, Image
villosa Willd.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Euphorbia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=875, retrieved 25 May 2016

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