Aloe spicata L.f.

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Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Catembe, Maputo province

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

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Synonyms: Aloe sessiliflora Pole Evans
Common names: Bottle-brush aloe (English) Lebombo aloe (English) Lemombo aloe (English)
Description: Shrub or tree-like succulent plant. Stem erect, simple or branched, 1-2 m tall, sometimes forming shrubs with decumbent stems. Leaves in a dense rosette, spreading becoming recurved, 60-80 cm long, green but often entirely coppery-red in dry conditions; margin reddish with 3-angular teeth. Inflorescences 1-5, simple, erect, up to 1m high. Raceme very densely many-flowered, 30-50 cm long, cylindric; bracts pale brown, c. 10 × 6 mm, ovate-acuminate. Flowers subsessile, c. 15 mm long, campanulate, greenish-yellow to golden yellow.
Notes: Threatened by fires.
Derivation of specific name: spicata: arranged in a spike.
Flowering time:Jun - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Insects associated with this species:
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Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232. As Aloe sessiliflora

West, O. (1974). A Field Guide to the Aloes of Rhodesia. Longman, Salisbury Pages 88 - 89. as Aloe sessiliflora (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Aloe spicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Aloe spicata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloe spicata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Aloe spicata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Aloe spicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe spicata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aloe spicata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aloe spicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Aloe spicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe spicata
Ispot Southern Africa : Aloe spicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe spicata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aloe spicata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Aloe spicata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe spicata
Tropicos: Aloe spicata
West African Plants database: Aloe spicata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Aloe spicata., retrieved 29 July 2016

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