Celtis africana Burm. f.

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Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near curio shop, Great Zimbabwe

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Synonyms: Celtis kraussiana Bernh.
Celtis rhamnifolia C. Presl
Common names: Common celtis (English) Kamutuna (Shona) Mugara (Shona) Muguru (Shona) Mukonachando (Shona) Musvutaderere (Shona) Umdlawuthu (Ndebele) White stinkwood (English)
Description: Deciduous tree 5-15(-35) m. Bark smooth, pale grey. Spines 0. Stipules 3-8 mm, linear. Leaves: petiole 1-5 mm; lamina 5-10 × 2-6 cm, asymmetrical, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Cymes axillary, with 3-many clustered male flowers; uppermost cymes with bisexual flowers. Ovary densely pubescent; styles 1.5-4 mm. Fruits 5-8 mm, yellow or orange, pubescent.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa from West Africa to Sudan and Arabia and southwards to Angola and the Cape Province of South Africa
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects (whose larvae eat this species): Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Blue-spotted charaxes)
Libythea labdaca laius (African snout)
Pseudobunaea tyrrhena (Cat's paw emperor)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Saturday 24 February 2007

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 14 - 15. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 3. as Celtis rhamnifolia

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 181.

Other sources of information about Celtis africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Celtis africana
Flora of Malawi: Celtis africana
Flora of Mozambique: Celtis africana
Flora of Zambia: Celtis africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Celtis africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Celtis africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Celtis africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Celtis africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Celtis africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Celtis africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Celtis africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Celtis africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Celtis africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Celtis africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Celtis africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Celtis africana
Tropicos: Celtis africana
West African Plants database: Celtis africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Celtis africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=120060, retrieved 29 May 2016

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