Jatropha curcas L.

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Jatropha curcas

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mtoko CL

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mtoko CL

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mtoko CL

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Jatropha curcas

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Physic nut (English)
Description: A ± glabrous shrub or small tree to 6(-8) m. Stems fleshy, copiously emitting a watery or ± milky sap when cut. Leaves long-petiolate; lamina broadly ovate in outline, usually shallowly 5-lobed, sometimes unlobed, ± glabrous, dark green; base cordate; margin usually entire, but sometimes remotely and shallowly toothed, 7-9-nerved from the base. Inflorescence ± corymb-like with a peduncle to ± 5 cm. Fruit ellipsoid, scarcely 3-lobed, 2.5-3 cm long by 2 cm in diameter.
Notes: Grown for the oil-rich seeds and as a hedge and occasionally occurring as a naturalised escape.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of tropical America, from Mexico and the West Indies to Chile
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Monday 16 September 2013
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 259 - 260.

Other sources of information about Jatropha curcas:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Jatropha curcas
Flora of Mozambique: Jatropha curcas
Flora of Zambia: Jatropha curcas
Flora of Zimbabwe: Jatropha curcas

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Jatropha curcas
African Plant Database: Jatropha curcas
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Jatropha curcas
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Jatropha curcas
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Jatropha curcas
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Jatropha curcas
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Jatropha curcas
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Jatropha curcas
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Jatropha curcas
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Jatropha curcas
Ispot Southern Africa: Jatropha curcas
JSTOR Plant Science: Jatropha curcas
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Jatropha curcas
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Jatropha curcas
The Plant List (version 1.1): Jatropha curcas
Tropicos: Jatropha curcas


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Jatropha curcas.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=135390, retrieved 19 November 2017

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