Azanza garckeana (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillc.

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Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, Office area

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam Recreational Park

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam Recreational Park

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Marius Steffens
Along road by Lake Cunningham Recreational Park

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By junction Fort Usher road and Old Gwanda road, Matobo

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By junction Fort Usher road and Old Gwanda road, Matobo

Azanza garckeana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By junction Fort Usher road and Old Gwanda road, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Thespesia garckeana F. Hoffm.
Thespesia rogersii S. Moore
Common names: Mugurura (Shona) Mutohwe (Shona) Snot apple (English) Uxakuxaku (Ndebele)
Description: Tree to 10 m. Leaves: lamina up to 20 × 20 cm, subcircular in outline, palmately 3-5-lobed, with a linear fissure 5-10 mm long on the mid-vein beneath; stellate-pubescent to nearly glabrous above, stellate-tomentose to -pubescent beneath; base cordate; apex usually blunt or rounded; margin entire. Flowers c. 6 cm in diameter, yellow or purplish with dark purple or dark red centre. Epicalyx teeth 9-10, up to 12 mm, caducous. Calyx c.10 mm. Fruit a capsule, up to 4 × 3 cm, subspherical to broadly ellipsoid or ovoid, glutinous. Seeds c. 10 × 7 mm, hemispheric, with a brownish woolly floss.
Notes: Readily recognisable by the distinctive longitudinal fissure on the mid-vein beneath. This may be differently coloured to the rest of the leaf or not and may be of various sizes.
Derivation of specific name: garckeana: named after Christian Garcke (1819-1904), botanist and plant collector
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution: Eastern and southern tropical Africa
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Insects (whose larvae eat this species): Sphingomorpha chlorea (Sundowner moth or Banana hawk)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Saturday 11 April 2015

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 96 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 705. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 208 - 211. as Thespesia garckeana (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 449.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 432 - 434. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 74.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 394 - 395. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 83.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 15.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 119.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 228 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Azanza garckeana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Caprivi: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Malawi: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Mozambique: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Zambia: Azanza garckeana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Azanza garckeana

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Azanza garckeana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Azanza garckeana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Azanza garckeana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Azanza garckeana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Azanza garckeana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Azanza garckeana
Ispot Southern Africa : Azanza garckeana
JSTOR Plant Science: Azanza garckeana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Azanza garckeana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Azanza garckeana
Tropicos: Azanza garckeana
West African Plants database: Azanza garckeana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Azanza garckeana., retrieved 25 May 2016

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