Adansonia digitata L.

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Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyanyadzi, Save valley

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Hot Springs Resort and Odzi R.

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
South of Kadoma

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Mukondore River, by road in to Mana Pools

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sugar Estates, Triangle

Adansonia digitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road between Chipinda Pools Camp and turn-off to Masasanya Dam, Gonarhezou National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Baobab (English) Mbuyu (Shona) Muuyu (Shona) Umkhomo (Ndebele)
Description: Massive tree, not usually more than 20 m, but with a trunk up to 10 m in diameter. Stipules caducous. Leaves crowded at the ends of branches with a distinctive slightly unpleasant smell when crushed. Leaves (on very young plants) simple and sessile or 3-foliolate and petiolate (both types may be present together), entire or shallowly dentate. (See image no. 4). Leaves (on mature trees) 5-7-foliolate, palmate with petiole up to 12 cm. Leaflet lamina (mature trees) 5-15 × 3-7 cm, oblong-elliptic to obovate-elliptic, covered below when young with stellate hairs or glabrous. Flowers usually pendent. Petals 6(-10) × 7(-12) cm, white. Fruit up to c.25 × 12 cm, ovoid to oblong-cylindric, variable and sometimes irregular in shape, velvety-brown-tomentose. Seeds c.1.3 × 0.9 cm, many, reniform.
Notes: The tree is fibrous and non-woody, more like a giant succulent. The large white flowers typically open a dusk, falling by the next afternoon. The most likely agents of pollination are large moths or bats.
Derivation of specific name: digitata: having digitate leaves.
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and sub-tropical Africa, parts of the Middle East and India.
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Sunday 11 March 2007
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 49 - 54. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 449 - 451. (Includes a picture).

Davies, H.F. (Undated). Alphabetical Catalogue of Plants growing in the gardens of Ewanrigg National Park, Arcturus. [Possibly not published (typed only)] Page 4.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 259.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 352. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 130 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 48 - 49.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 87 - 88. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 201.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 243.

Wild, H. (1961). Bombacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 512 - 513.

Other sources of information about Adansonia digitata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adansonia digitata
Flora of Caprivi: Adansonia digitata
Flora of Mozambique: Adansonia digitata
Flora of Zambia: Adansonia digitata
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Adansonia digitata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adansonia digitata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Adansonia digitata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Adansonia digitata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adansonia digitata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adansonia digitata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adansonia digitata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Adansonia digitata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adansonia digitata
Ispot Southern Africa : Adansonia digitata
JSTOR Plant Science: Adansonia digitata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adansonia digitata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adansonia digitata
Tropicos: Adansonia digitata
West African Plants database: Adansonia digitata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Adansonia digitata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=139770, retrieved 25 August 2016

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