Cassia abbreviata Oliv.[Agg]

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Cassia abbreviata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd between Hot Springs and Nyanyadzi, Odzi-Save Valley

Cassia abbreviata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd between Hot Springs and Nyanyadzi, Odzi-Save Valley

Cassia abbreviata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rd between Hot Springs and Nyanyadzi, Odzi-Save Valley

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Synonyms: Cassia abbreviata Oliv. var. granitica (Baker f.) Baker f.
Cassia granitica Baker f.
Common names: Isihaqa (Ndebele) Long-tail cassia (English) Muremberembe (Shona) Muvheneka (Shona)
Description: Shrub or small rounded tree. Bark greyish-brown, longitudinally furrowed. Leaves paripinnate without any glands on the rhachis or petiole; leaflets in 7-12 pairs, hairy on the under surface, particularly when young (see note below), ovate-elliptic with a rounded apex. Flowers in large, lax, terminal sprays, yellow, appearing before the leaves. Fruit a long cylindric brown pod, up to 90 cm, which remains on the tree for many months.
Notes: Two subspecies occur widespread in the region. They are distinguished by the type of hairs on the undersurface of the leaflets. Subsp. beareana has straight appressed hairs, while subsp. abbreviata has loose, somewhat curly hairs. It is often very difficult to distinguish the two in the field.
Derivation of specific name: abbreviata: shortened
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From East Africa southwards to Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species: Rhodogastria amasis (Food plant)
Gynanisa maja (Larval foodplant)
Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Saturday 10 March 2007
Literature:

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 93 - 96. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 76 - 77. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 21. Cassia granitica (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cassia abbreviata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cassia abbreviata
Flora of Zambia: Cassia abbreviata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cassia abbreviata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cassia abbreviata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cassia abbreviata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cassia abbreviata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cassia abbreviata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cassia abbreviata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cassia abbreviata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cassia abbreviata
Ispot Southern Africa : Cassia abbreviata
JSTOR Plant Science: Cassia abbreviata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cassia abbreviata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cassia abbreviata
Tropicos: Cassia abbreviata
West African Plants database: Cassia abbreviata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Cassia abbreviata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=163860, retrieved 2 December 2016

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