Anacardium occidentale L.

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Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Anacardium occidentale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms:
Common names: Cashew nut (English)
Description: Tree, rarely a shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, shortly petiolate, broadly oblong-obovate, up to 18 cm long, leathery shiny green above, paler below, reddish when young; midrib prominent below; lateral veins 9-17 pairs. Flowers in branched terminal heads, yellowish-white, tinged pale reddish. Fruit kidney-shaped, greenish yellow, hanging from a very thickened, fleshy pedicel.
Notes: This species is recorded in FZ 2(2): 551 for E Zimbabwe. The specimen cited is Chase in GHS 75835, which was collected in Mutare in fruit on 4 April 1957. There is no evidence from the material in SRGH as to whether this was a cultivated plant or a naturalised escape. However, in SRGH, the specimen has been placed in a cultivated plants folder. We shall therefore assume that Anacardium occurs only as a cultivated genus in Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: occidentale: occidental, western
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Tropical America; cultivated throughout the tropics
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects (whose larvae eat this species):
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Friday 12 September 2008
Literature:

Other sources of information about Anacardium occidentale:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Anacardium occidentale
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Anacardium occidentale
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Anacardium occidentale

External websites:

African Plant Database: Anacardium occidentale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Anacardium occidentale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anacardium occidentale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Anacardium occidentale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Anacardium occidentale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Anacardium occidentale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anacardium occidentale
Ispot Southern Africa : Anacardium occidentale
JSTOR Plant Science: Anacardium occidentale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Anacardium occidentale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anacardium occidentale
Tropicos: Anacardium occidentale
West African Plants database: Anacardium occidentale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Anacardium occidentale.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/species.php?species_id=164230, retrieved 27 June 2016

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