Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Hyacinthaceae

Stedje, B. (1996) Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs. Leaves in a basal rosette from the apex of the bulb (in Bowiea and Schizobasis, leaves 0 or much reduced), with or without spots, sometimes papillose or hairy. Inflorescence a raceme or spike on a leafless peduncle (but in Bowiea and Schizobasis much-branched and complex). Flowers greenish to white or yellowish, purplish to purple or blue, often with a green or dark midrib. Perianth segments 6, free or fused into a tube. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 1-many ovules per loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds black, sometimes winged.

Comment: The genera included by us under Hyacinthaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 770 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially Mediterranean region and South Africa.

Zimbabwe: 14 genera and 56 taxa.

Albuca abyssinica

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Albuca L.Description, Image
Bowiea Harv. ex Hook. f.Description, Image
Daubenya Lindl.
Dipcadi Medik.Description, Image
Drimia Jacq. ex Willd.Description, Image
Drimiopsis Lindl. & Paxton
Eucomis L'Hér.Description, Image
Ledebouria RothDescription, Image
Litanthus Harv.Description, Image
Merwilla Speta
Ornithogalum L.Description, Image
Schizobasis BakerDescription
Schizocarphus Van der MerweImage
Urginea Steinh.

Other sources of information about Hyacinthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Hyacinthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hyacinthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Hyacinthaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=101, retrieved 2 December 2016

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