Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Hyacinthaceae

Stedje, B. (1996) Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs. Leaves in a basal rosette from the apex of the bulb (in Bowiea and Schizobasis, leaves 0 or much reduced), with or without spots, sometimes papillose or hairy. Inflorescence a raceme or spike on a leafless peduncle (but in Bowiea and Schizobasis much-branched and complex). Flowers greenish to white or yellowish, purplish to purple or blue, often with a green or dark midrib. Perianth segments 6, free or fused into a tube. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 1-many ovules per loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds black, sometimes winged.

Comment: The genera included by us under Hyacinthaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 770 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially Mediterranean region and South Africa.

Zimbabwe: 15 genera and 57 taxa.

Albuca abyssinica

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Albuca L.Description, Image
Androsiphon Schltr.
Bowiea Harv. ex Hook. f.Description, Image
Dipcadi Medik.Description, Image
Drimia Jacq. ex Willd.Description, Image
Drimiopsis Lindl. & Paxton
Eucomis L'Hér.Description, Image
Ledebouria RothDescription, Image
Litanthus Harv.Description, Image
Merwilla Speta
Ornithogalum L.Description, Image
Schizobasis BakerDescription
Schizocarphus Van der MerweImage
Thuranthos C.H. WrightDescription, Image
Urginea Steinh.Image

Other sources of information about Hyacinthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Hyacinthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hyacinthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Hyacinthaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=101, retrieved 28 June 2016

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