Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Gentianales

Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae - Oleander family

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985) Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, lianes or (rarely) herbs, usually with milky latex. Stipules usually 0. Leaves opposite or whorled, less often alternate or spiral, simple, entire. Flowers bisexual, usually actinomorphic, (4-)5-merous. Corolla tubular, sometimes with a corona. Ovary superior or sometimes partly inferior, 1- or 2-locular or composed of 2 7 ± free carpels. Fruit a berry, drupe or follicle, entire or composed of 2 ± free carpels. Seeds in dry fruits often winged or with a tuft of hairs.

Comment: The 2 subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae contain the genera which were formerly included in the family APOCYNACEAE sensu stricto. These are nowadays combined with other subfamilies, containing the former ASCLEPIADACEAE sensu stricto and PERIPLOCACEAE, into one large family under the name APOCYNACEAE. However, as the genera in these 2 subfamilies can be clearly distinguished, it is preferred to still deal with them in this separate list.

Worldwide: 163 genera and 1,850 species, mostly tropical.

Zimbabwe: 22 genera and 37 taxa.

Carissa spinarum

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Acokanthera G. DonDescription, Image
Adenium Roem. & Schult.Description, Image
Alafia ThouarsDescription
Ancylobotrys PierreDescription, Image
Carissa L.Description, Image
Catharanthus G. DonDescription, Image
Dictyophleba PierreDescription, Image
Diplorhynchus Welw. ex Ficalho & HiernDescription, Image
Funtumia StapfDescription, Image
Holarrhena R. Br.Description, Image
Landolphia P. Beauv.Description, Image
Mascarenhasia A. DC.Description, Image
Oncinotis Benth.Description, Image
Pachypodium Lindl.Description, Image
Pleiocarpa Benth.Description
Rauvolfia L.Description, Image
Saba (Pichon) PichonDescription, Image
Strophanthus DC.Description, Image
Tabernaemontana L.Description, Image
Vinca L.
Voacanga ThouarsDescription, Image
Wrightia R. Br.Description

Other sources of information about Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Caprivi: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Malawi: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Mozambique: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Zambia: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=15, retrieved 29 July 2016

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