Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Olacaceae - Sour plum family

Garcia, J.G. (1963) Olacaceae FZ 2(1)

Description of the family

Trees or shrubs, sometimes armed. Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, simple, entire; midrib impressed above, prominent below (in ours). Flowers actinomorphic, unisexual or bisexual. Calyx cup-shaped, margin entire or lobed. Petals 3-5(-6), free or united, valvate. Stamens as many as or more numerous than the petals; all fertile or some sterile (i.e. staminodes may be present). Ovary superior or semi-inferior, usually 3-5-locular at base. Stigma lobed or capitate. Fruit a 1-seeded drupe (in ours).

Worldwide: 27 genera and 180 species, tropical and South Africa.

Zimbabwe: 3 genera and 6 taxa.

Olax dissitiflora

More sample images from the Olacaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Olax dissitiflora

Olax dissitiflora

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Strombosia scheffleri

Strombosia scheffleri

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Olax L.Description, Image
Strombosia BlumeDescription, Image
Ximenia L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Olacaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Olacaceae
Flora of Zambia: Olacaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Olacaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Olacaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=154, retrieved 2 September 2014

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