Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Sapindaceae - Litchi family

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002) Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Exell, A.W. (1966) Sapindaceae FZ 2(2)

Vollesen, K. (1989) Sapindaceae Flora of Ethiopia 3

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or climbers, sometimes with tendrils (Cardiospermum and Paullinia). Stipules 0 (but present in Cardiospermum). Leaves alternate, mostly compound, a few simple (Dodonaea and Pappea); rhachis sometimes winged. Inflorescence usually a thyrse but flowers sometimes fasciculate. Sepals usually 4-5, often ± connate. Petals 0-5. Disk present (0 in Dodonaea). Stamens usually 5-12, reduced, rarely 0 in female flowers. Ovary of 2-8 carpels. Style 1. Fruit a capsule or fleshy and indehiscent or composed of 1 or more indehiscent cocci. Seeds often with a fleshy arillode.

Worldwide: 131 genera and 1,450 species, tropical and warm areas with a few in temperate zones.

Zimbabwe: 16 genera and 26 taxa.

Pappea capensis

More sample images from the Sapindaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Paullinia pinnata

Paullinia pinnata

Allophylus chaunostachys

Allophylus chaunostachys

Aporrhiza paniculata

Aporrhiza paniculata

Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia

Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia

Allophylus rubifolius var. alnifolius

Allophylus rubifolius var. alnifolius

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Allophylus L.Description, Image
Aporrhiza Radlk.
Blighia K. KönigDescription, Image
Cardiospermum L.Description, Image
Deinbollia Schumach. & Thonn.Description, Image
Dodonaea Mill.Description, Image
Erythrophysa E. Mey. ex Arn.Description, Image
Filicium Thwaites ex Benth.Description, Image
Glenniea Hook. f.
Haplocoelum Radlk.Description
Lecaniodiscus Planch. ex Benth.
Pancovia Willd.Description
Pappea Eckl. & Zeyh.Description, Image
Paullinia L.Description, Image
Stadmannia Lam.Description
Zanha HiernDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Sapindaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Sapindaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Sapindaceae | cultivated Sapindaceae
Flora of Zambia: Sapindaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sapindaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Sapindaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=204, retrieved 1 November 2014

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