Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Violaceae - Violet family

Robson, N.K.B. (1960) Violaceae FZ 1(1)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or herbs. Stipules 2. Leaves usually alternate, simple. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic (Rinorea) or zygomorphic (Hybanthus and Viola). Sepals 5, usually free. Petals 5, free, the anterior one (in zygomorphic genera) spurred. Stamens 5, often bearing appendages. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit a loculicidal capsule.

Worldwide: 20 genera and 800 species, cosmopolitan but only Viola temperate.

Zimbabwe: 3 genera and 8 taxa.

Viola abyssinica

More sample images from the Violaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Rinorea convallarioides subsp. convallarioides

Rinorea convallarioides subsp. convallarioides

Rinorea ferruginea

Rinorea ferruginea

Rinorea ferruginea

Rinorea ferruginea

Viola abyssinica

Viola abyssinica

Viola abyssinica

Viola abyssinica

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Hybanthus Jacq.Description
Rinorea Aubl.Description, Image
Viola L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Violaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Violaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Violaceae
Flora of Zambia: Violaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Violaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Violaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=232, retrieved 2 October 2014

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