Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Brassicaceae - Cabbage family

Cruciferae

Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, E.F. (1962) Flora of the British Isles. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Exell, A.W. (1960) Brassicaceae FZ 1(1)

Tutin, T.G. et al. (eds) assisted by Akeroyd, J.R. & Newton, M.E. (1993) Flora Europaea. Vol. 1. (2nd edition) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Description of the family

Annual, biennial or perennial herbs. Stipules 0. Leaves alternate. Flowers in racemes, usually bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic. Sepals 4, free, in 2 series. Petals 4 (rarely 0). Stamens 6 (inner 4 long, outer 2 short). Ovary 2-locular. Style 1. Stigmas 2. Fruit dry, usually a dehiscent siliqua or silicula, opening from below by 2 valves, sometimes breaking into segments transversely, sometimes indehiscent.

Comment: A family of predominantly introduced weeds, most of which are rather rare casuals. The name crucifer means "cross bearing", a reference to the cross shape made by the 4 petals. Closely related to the Capparaceae.

Worldwide: 365 genera and 3,250 species, cosmopolitan but especially in temperate areas (Mediterranean to C Asia, Western N America).

Zimbabwe: 14 genera and 24 taxa.

Cardamine flexuosa

More sample images from the Brassicaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Lepidium bonariense

Lepidium bonariense

Coronopus didymus

Coronopus didymus

Rorippa micrantha

Rorippa micrantha

Cardamine africana

Cardamine africana

Lobularia maritima

Lobularia maritima

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Brassica L.Description, Image
Capsella Medik.Description, Image
Cardamine L.Description, Image
Carrichtera DC.Description
Coronopus ZinnDescription, Image
Eruca Mill.Description
Erucastrum (DC.) C. PreslDescription
Lepidium L.Description, Image
Lobularia Desv.Description, Image
Raphanus L.Description
Rapistrum CrantzDescription
Rorippa Scop.Description, Image
Sinapis L.Description, Image
Sisymbrium L.Description

Other sources of information about Brassicaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brassicaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Brassicaceae | cultivated Brassicaceae
Flora of Zambia: Brassicaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Brassicaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Brassicaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=37, retrieved 30 July 2014

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