Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Dipsacaceae - Scabious family

Cannon, M.J. & J.F.M. (1983) Dipsacaceae FZ 7(1)

Description of the family

Herbs. Leaves opposite, without stipules, entire to pinnatifid, often variable on the same plant. Inflorescence usually capitate on a long peduncle, each head surrounded by involucral bracts. Receptacular scales present (in ours). Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, epigynous, each subtended at its base by an epicalyx (involucel) of united bracteoles. Calyx cup-shaped, sometimes with long spreading bristles. Corolla 4-5-lobed. Stamens exserted, 4 (in ours), anthers free. Ovary inferior, with 1 ovule. Fruit an achene enclosed in the involucel.

Comment: The arrangement of many flowers in a head surrounded by bracts resembles the Asteraceae in many ways, but the Dipsacaceae can be distinguished by the exserted stamens with free anthers and by the fruit enclosed in an involucel.

Worldwide: 11 genera and 290 species, Eurasia and Africa and especially in the Mediterranean region.

Zimbabwe: 2 genera and 3 taxa.

Scabiosa columbaria

More sample images from the Dipsacaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Cephalaria pungens

Cephalaria pungens

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Scabiosa columbaria

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Cephalaria Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.Description, Image
Scabiosa L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Dipsacaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Dipsacaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Dipsacaceae
Flora of Zambia: Dipsacaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dipsacaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Dipsacaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=74, retrieved 18 December 2014

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