Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Dracaenaceae - Dragon-tree family

Bos, J.J. (1992) Dracaenaceae Flora of Southern Africa 5(3)

La Croix, I. (2010) Dracaenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) 13-35

Description of the family

Shrubs, trees or rhizomatous, xerophytic perennials. Leaves alternate, entire, with parallel venation, stiff, often succulent. Flowers crowded in dense racemes or panicles, ± actinomorphic, bisexual, hypogynous; pedicels with an often disc-like articulation. Perianth segments in two series of 3 each, petaloid. Stamens in two series of 3, exserted. Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovule 1 per loculus, axile. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1-3, dirty-white.

Comment: The genera included by us under Dracaenaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 6 genera and 220 species, south-western N America and tropical zones, especially Africa.

Zimbabwe: 2 genera and 14 taxa.

Dracaena steudneri

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Dracaena Vand. ex L.Description, Image
Sansevieria Thunb.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Dracaenaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dracaenaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Dracaenaceae
Flora of Malawi: Dracaenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Dracaenaceae
Flora of Zambia: Dracaenaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Dracaenaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dracaenaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Dracaenaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=76, retrieved 29 August 2016

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