Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae

Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis or vlei-lily family

Nordal, I. (1982) Amaryllidaceae FTEA

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008) Amaryllidacae FZ 13(1)

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs or rhizomes. Leaves in a basal rosette or fan. Scape leafless, solid or hollow. Inflorescence of 1-many flowers in an umbel-like inflorescence, subtended by an involucre of 1-many bracts and with ephemeral hyaline bracts between the flowers. Flowers showy, bisexual, 3-merous, actinomorphic (less often slightly zygomorphic). Perianth segments in 2 series of 3, free or ± united; corona sometimes present. Stamens 6. Ovary inferior, 3-locular. Fruit a capsule or berry.

Comment: The combination of flowers in umbels, inferior ovary and 6 stamens defines this family unambiguously. The somewhat similar-looking Alliaceae differs in having a superior ovary.

Worldwide: 65 genera and 725 species occurring in tropical and warm areas, notably in South Africa and the Andes.

Zimbabwe: 9 genera and 24 taxa.

Cyrtanthus galpinii

More sample images from the Amaryllidaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. multiflorus

Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. multiflorus

Scadoxus puniceus

Scadoxus puniceus

Crinum macowanii

Crinum macowanii

Cryptostephanus vansonii

Cryptostephanus vansonii

Crinum buphanoides

Crinum buphanoides

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Ammocharis Herb.Description, Image
Boophone Herb.Description, Image
Crinum L.Description, Image
Cryptostephanus Welw. ex BakerDescription, Image
Cyrtanthus AitonDescription, Image
Nerine Herb.Description, Image
Pancratium L.Description, Image
Scadoxus Raf.Description, Image
Zephyranthes Herb.Description

Other sources of information about Amaryllidaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Amaryllidaceae | cultivated Amaryllidaceae
Flora of Zambia: Amaryllidaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Amaryllidaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Amaryllidaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=9, retrieved 20 April 2014

Site software last modified: 12 October 2013 9:08pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use