Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Gentianaceae - Gentian family

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990) Gentianaceae FZ 7(4)

Description of the family

Mostly annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely (Anthocleista only in our area) trees or shrubs. Stipules 0. Leaves simple, opposite (in ours). Inflorescence a cyme or raceme, sometimes flowers solitary, fasciculate or verticillate. Flowers bisexual (sometimes unisexual), actinomorphic, (rarely zygomorphic). Calyx tubular with (2-)4-5 or rarely 6-12 lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, 3-5(-16)-lobed. Stamens as many as corolla lobes. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-locular. Fruit usually a capsule, rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 89 genera and c.1200 species, ± cosmopolitan but mainly temperate and subtropical

Zimbabwe: 9 genera and 28 taxa.

Chironia purpurascens

More sample images from the Gentianaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Anthocleista grandiflora

Anthocleista grandiflora

Sebaea grandis

Sebaea grandis

Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

Chironia gratissima

Chironia gratissima

Swertia tetrandra

Swertia tetrandra

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Anthocleista Afzel. ex R. Br.Description, Image
Canscora Lam.
Chironia L.Description, Image
Enicostema BlumeDescription, Image
Exacum L.Description, Image
Faroa Welw.Description, Image
Pycnosphaera Gilg
Sebaea R. Br.Description, Image
Swertia L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Gentianaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gentianaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zambia: Gentianaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gentianaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Gentianaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=90, retrieved 25 July 2014

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