Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Gentianales

Gentianaceae - Gentian family

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990) Gentianaceae FZ 7(4)

Description of the family

Mostly annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely (Anthocleista only in our area) trees or shrubs. Stipules 0. Leaves simple, opposite (in ours). Inflorescence a cyme or raceme, sometimes flowers solitary, fasciculate or verticillate. Flowers bisexual (sometimes unisexual), actinomorphic, (rarely zygomorphic). Calyx tubular with (2-)4-5 or rarely 6-12 lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, 3-5(-16)-lobed. Stamens as many as corolla lobes. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-locular. Fruit usually a capsule, rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 89 genera and c.1200 species, ± cosmopolitan but mainly temperate and subtropical

Zimbabwe: 9 genera and 28 taxa.

Chironia purpurascens subsp. humilis

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Anthocleista Afzel. ex R. Br.Description, Image
Canscora Lam.
Chironia L.Description, Image
Enicostema BlumeDescription, Image
Exacum L.Description, Image
Faroa Welw.Description, Image
Pycnosphaera Gilg
Sebaea R. Br.Description, Image
Swertia L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Gentianaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gentianaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Malawi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zambia: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gentianaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gentianaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Gentianaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=90, retrieved 26 December 2014

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