6406.000 Diospyros L.

Description of the genus

Trees shrubs or suffrutices. Leaves nearly always alternate; margin entire. Infl. cymose or fasciculate or flowers solitary. Calyx 3-8-lobed or cup-shaped and entire, usually accrescent. Corolla 3-8-lobed. Stamens 2-100 or more. Disk well-developed or not, sometimes fimbriate. Fruit usually a 2- or more seeded berry. Seed not subspherical (in ours), with 2 lines radiating from the apex.

Two other more informal characters which may help one to recognise Diospyros spp. in the field are firstly that the growing tip (the young leaf) is held at an angle to the main stem and secondly that small leaves are often found on a branch amongst the larger more normal-sized leaves.

Worldwide: c. 475 species in the tropics

Zimbabwe: 18 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Antiophlebia bracteata (Pearl spangled) Food plant
Botyodes asialis Larval foodplant
Gonimbrasia belina (Mopane moth, Mopane worm, Anomalous emperor) Larval foodplant
Diospyros quiloensis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
abyssinica (Hiern) F. White subsp. abyssinica EDescription, Image
batocana HiernWDescription, Image
ferrea (Willd.) Bakh.E
hoyleana F. White subsp. angustifolia F. White[CR]E
kirkii HiernN,W,C,EDescription, Image
kirkii-mespiliformis intermediates N,W,E
loureiriana G. Don subsp. loureiriana N,E,SDescription, Image
lycioides Desf. subsp. lycioides W,S
lycioides Desf. subsp. sericea (Bernh.) De WinterN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
lycioides subsp. lycioides-sericea intermediates W,S
mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
natalensis (Harv.) Brenan subsp. natalensis EImage
natalensis (Harv.) Brenan subsp. nummularia (Brenan) JordaanN,C,E,SDescription, Image
quiloensis (Hiern) F. WhiteN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
senensis KlotzschN,W,C,EDescription, Image
sp.no.2 sensu FZE
squarrosa KlotzschN,W,E,SDescription, Image
whyteana F. WhiteN,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Diospyros:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Diospyros
Flora of Mozambique: Diospyros
Flora of Zambia: Diospyros
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Diospyros

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diospyros
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diospyros
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Diospyros
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diospyros
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diospyros

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Diospyros.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1078, retrieved 29 March 2015

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