7138.000 Verbena L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems 4-angled. Leaves opposite or sometimes in whorls of 3. Flowers bracteate, terminal, in simple spikes or panicles of spikes. Calyx tubular, distinctly and ± unequally (4-)5-toothed, 5-ribbed. Corolla funnel- or salver-shaped; limb 5-lobed, ± spreading. Stamens (2-)4(-5), included, didynamous. Ovary entire or 4-lobed, 4-locular with 1 ovule per loculus. Fruit splitting into 4 nutlets at maturity, enveloped in the persistent calyx.

Worldwide: 200 species in tropical and temperate America, incl 2-3 in temperate Europe; others weeds elsewhere

Zimbabwe: 6 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
Verbena bonariensis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
aristigera S. MooreW,C,EDescription, Image
bonariensis L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
brasiliensis Vell.C,E,SImage
litoralis KunthW
officinalis L. subsp. africana R. Fern. & Verdc.N,W,CDescription, Image
rigida Spreng.C,EImage

Other sources of information about Verbena:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbena
Flora of Mozambique: Verbena | cultivated Verbena
Flora of Zambia: Verbena | cultivated Verbena

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Verbena
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Verbena
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Verbena
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Verbena

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Verbena.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1201, retrieved 30 October 2014

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