7407.000 Solanum L. - Nightshades

LYCOPERSICON Mill.

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs, climbers or trees, unarmed or spiny, often stellate-hairy. Stipules 0, but Solanum mauritianum has prominent pseudostipules. Leaves alternate, entire, lobed to pinnatisect or pinnate. Inflorescences often extra-axillary, mostly racemose or umbellate cymes or terminal panicles. Calyx (4-)5-10-toothed or lobed, not or only slightly enlarging in fruit. Corolla often rotate, (4-)5(-6)-lobed, white, yellow, blue or purple. Filaments shorter than anthers; anthers often connivent, dehiscing by apical pores, Ovary 2(-4)-locular. Fruit a ± spherical berry.

Derivation of name: Ex Latin; solamen, quieting, alluding to the sedative properties

Worldwide: 1700 species, more or less cosmopolitan, especially in warm countries

Zimbabwe: 26 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
Solanum incanum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
aculeastrum Dunal var. aculeastrum N,C,E,SDescription, Image
aculeatissimum Jacq.EDescription, Image
americanum Mill.N,W,EImage
anguivi Lam.C,E,SDescription, Image
betaceum Cav.EDescription, Image
catombelense Peyr.W,S
chrysotrichum Schltdl.C
giganteum Jacq.C,E
goetzei DammerE
grossidentatum A. Rich.W,C
incanum L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
linneanum Hepper & JaegerW
lycopersicum L.N,C,EDescription, Image
macrocarpon L.N,C
mauritianum Scop.C,EDescription, Image
nigrum L.N,E,SImage
panduriforme (incanum) E. Mey.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
retroflexum DunalN,W,C,E,SImage
richardii Dunal var. acutilobatum (Dammer) A.E. Gonç.EDescription, Image
seaforthianum Andr.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
sp.no.2 sensu SRGH (J.B. Phipps 1121A)E
tarderemotum BitterC,E
terminale Forssk.C,EDescription, Image
tettense Klotzsch var. tettense N,C,E,SDescription, Image
tettense Klotzsch var. renschii (Vatke) A.E. Gonç.N,W,C,E,S
tuberosum L.C

Other sources of information about Solanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum | cultivated Solanum
Flora of Zambia: Solanum | cultivated Solanum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Solanum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1249, retrieved 24 July 2014

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