Description of the genus
Perennials. Inflorescence a solitary raceme bearing pectinate spikelets on a semi-terete (crescent-shaped in section) rhachis. Spikelets several-flowered: 2 lowermost florets barren; 3rd fertile and the apical 1(-3) much reduced. Spikelets laterally flattened, sessile, alternate in 2 rows, disarticulating above the glumes but not between the florets. Glumes unequal; lower small with an awn-point; upper as long as and enclosing the florets, shortly awned from the apex and also bearing an oblique dorsal awn. Lemmas long-awned from the back or near the apex, conspicuously ciliate.
Worldwide: 17 species in tropical Africa, Madagascar and tropical America
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Other sources of information about Ctenium:Flora of Mozambique
(electronic Plant Information Center): CteniumFlora Zambesiaca
web site: CteniumGoogle
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for CteniumIPNI
(International Plant Names Index): CteniumKew Herbarium catalogue
: CteniumKew Monocotyledon checklist
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings, 2002-13
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. & Ballings, P.
. Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Ctenium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=180, retrieved 20 May 2013