4498.000 Euphorbia L.


Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae FZ 9(5)

Description of the genus

Monoecious annual, biennial or perennial herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes succulent. Milky latex present. Stipules usually present. Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes opposite or whorled. Inflorescence composed of cyathia in simple, dichotomous or umbellate terminal cymes; bracts paired, often leaf-like, sometimes brightly coloured. Cyathia with (1-)4-5(-8) glands around the rim alternating with 5 fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups separated by fringed membranes, bracteolate. Female flower subsessile or with the pedicel elongating or reflexed in fruit. Ovary 3-locular. Styles 3, partly united. Fruit a dehiscent capsule, usually 3-lobed.

Worldwide: c.2000 species, cosmopolitan, but more in warm areas

Zimbabwe: 69 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Zizeeria knysna (Sooty blue) Food plant
Euphorbia citrina

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
acervata S. Carter[End][VU]N,CDescription, Image
benthamii HiernC,E,S
citrina S. Carter[NrEnd]EDescription, Image
confinalis R.A. Dyer subsp. confinalis [VU]EDescription, Image
confinalis R.A. Dyer subsp. rhodesiaca L.C. Leach[End][VU]W,SDescription
cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger var. cooperi N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger var. calidicola L.C. Leach[LR-lc]N,WDescription, Image
crebrifolia S. Carter[NrEnd]EDescription, Image
crotonoides Boiss. subsp. crotonoides N,W,CDescription, Image
cyathophora MurrayN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
cyparissioides PaxC,EDescription, Image
davyi N.E. Br.W,S
decidua P.R.O. Bally & L.C. Leach[EN]N
delicatissima S. Carter[End]N,CDescription
depauperata Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. depauperata E
depauperata Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. tsetserrensis S. Carter[NrEnd]EDescription
dissitispina L.C. Leach[End][VU]SDescription
espinosa PaxN,W,C,E,SImage
exilis L.C. LeachN,W,C,E,S
eylesii RendleN,WDescription
fortissima L.C. Leach[NrEnd][VU]N,W
glanduligera PaxS
gossypina Pax subsp. mangulensis S. Carter[End][LR-nt]NDescription
gracillima S. CarterN,C
griseola Pax subsp. griseola [LR-lc]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
griseola Pax subsp. mashonica L.C. Leach[LR-lc]N,C,EDescription, Image
guerichiana Pax[LR-nt]W,S
halipedicola L.C. Leach[VU]EDescription, Image
heterophylla L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
hirta L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
inaequilatera Sond. var. inaequilatera N,W,C
indica Lam.N,C,E
ingens E. Mey. ex Boiss.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
karibensis S. Carter[End]N
kilwana N.E. Br.E
leucocephala LotsyCDescription, Image
limpopoana L.C. Leach ex S. CarterW,E,S
lividiflora L.C. Leach[VU]E,SDescription, Image
lupatensis N.E. Br.N,W,EDescription, Image
maleolens Phillips[EN]W
malevola L.C. Leach[LR-lc]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
matabelensis PaxN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
memoralis R.A. Dyer[End][VU]N
milii Des Moul.CDescription, Image
monteiri Hook. f. subsp. monteiri W,E
mossambicensis (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss.N,W,S
neopolycnemoides Pax & K. Hoffm.W,E,SDescription, Image
oatesii RolfeN,W,CDescription, Image
peplus L.W,C,EDescription, Image
persistentifolia L.C. Leach[LR-lc]N,W,C
pfeilii PaxSDescription, Image
platycephala PaxN,W
prostrata AitonN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
rowlandii R.A. Dyer[DD]S
rubriflora N.E. Br.W
rugosiflora L.C. Leach[NrEnd][VU]E
schimperiana Scheele var. schimperiana W,E
schimperiana Scheele var. pubescens (N.E. Br.) S. CarterE
schimperiana Scheele var. velutina N.E. Br.E
schinzii Pax[LR-lc]N,W,C,E,S
serpens KunthN,W,C,SDescription, Image
spissiflora S. CarterN,W,C
systyloides Pax subsp. porcaticapsa S. CarterN,S
tettensis KlotzschN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
tirucalli L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
tortistyla N.E. Br.[End]SDescription
transvaalensis Schltr.N,W,C,E,S
trichadenia Pax var. gibbsiae N.E. Br.[End][EN]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
wildii L.C. Leach[End][LR-nt]NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Euphorbia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Euphorbia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=875, retrieved 27 March 2015

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