Lycopodium clavatum L.

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Lycopodium clavatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Vumba, forest Edge

Lycopodium clavatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Vumba, forest Edge

Lycopodium clavatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Lycopodium clavatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutback

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: var. inflexum (P. Beauv.) Spring
Lepidotis clavata (L.) P. Beauv.
Lepidotis inflexa P. Beauv.
Lycopodium ciliatum (P.Beauv.) Sw.
Lycopodium inflexum (P. Beauv.) Sw
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Main stem branched, creeping, giving rise to erect, unequally dichotomously branched, secondary stems. Foliage leaves set at right angles to branches, with tip bent forwards, lanceolate, 3-5 × 0.3-0.6 mm, margins entire, apex with a fine hair-like point up to 3 mm. Fertile parts arranged in strobili; strobili 2-5, borne on a slender, sparsely leaved, branched peduncle up to 22 cm long. Sporophylls broadly ovate,up to 3 × 2 mm, margins finely lacerate.
Notes: Easy to recognize by its branched erect stems arising from a creeping stem.
Derivation of specific name: clavatum: club-shaped, referring to the shape of the stalked strobilus.
Habitat: Forest margins, streambanks in montane areas and in full sun along road embankments.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 2350 m
Worldwide distribution: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, tropical African mountains. Also Madagascar, Mascarene Islands and in temperate climates throughout most of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 21 February 2009
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 18 - 19. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 38 - 39. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 29 - 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 21 - 22.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 18 - 19.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 20 - 21.


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Other sources of information about Lycopodium clavatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Lycopodium clavatum
Flora of Mozambique: Lycopodium clavatum
Flora of Zambia: Lycopodium clavatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lycopodium clavatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lycopodium clavatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycopodium clavatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lycopodium clavatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lycopodium clavatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lycopodium clavatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycopodium clavatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Lycopodium clavatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycopodium clavatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lycopodium clavatum
Tropicos: Lycopodium clavatum
West African Plants database: Lycopodium clavatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lycopodium clavatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100060, retrieved 29 September 2016

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