Lycopodiella caroliniana (L.) Pic.Serm.

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Lycopodiella caroliniana

Photo: Petra Ballings

Lycopodiella caroliniana

Photo: Petra Ballings

Lycopodiella caroliniana

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Lycopodiella affinis (Bory) Pic.Serm.
Lycopodiella caroliniana (L.) Pic.Serm. var. tuberosa (Welw. & A.Braun ex Kuhn) Verdc.
Lycopodium affine Bory
Lycopodium carolinianum L. var. affine (Bory) Schelpe
Lycopodium carolinianum L.
Lycopodium ericetorum Schrad.
Lycopodium tuberosum Welw. & A.Braun ex Kuhn
Common names:
Status: Native
Stem branched, creeping on the ground, rooting along its length, up to 6 mm in diameter. Leaves slightly dimorphic, lateral leaves spreading, membranous, slightly larger than the dorsal leaves, dorsal leaves somewhat appressed to stem. Strobili solitary, 70 × 6 mm, borne at the apex of an erect peduncle; peduncle 7-30 cm long, sparsely set with appressed, reduced leaves. Sporophylls broadly ovate, tapering with a deflexed point.
Notes: Can be distinguished from L. sarcocaulon by having membranous lateral leaves that are of similar size or slightly larger than dorsal leaves and lance-shaped to oblong in outline.
Derivation of specific name: caroliniana: the first specimen was collected in Carolina, United States.
Habitat: Marshy areas, perennial or seasonal seepage zones in grassland and on wet rocks next to perennial mountain streams.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 2040 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, tropical Africa. Also Madagascar, Mascarene Islands and north-eastern North America.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 21 February 2009

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 44 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 133 - 134. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 26 - 27.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 22 - 23.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 17.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 21.


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Other sources of information about Lycopodiella caroliniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Flora of Mozambique: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Flora of Zambia: Lycopodiella caroliniana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lycopodiella caroliniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycopodiella caroliniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lycopodiella caroliniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lycopodiella caroliniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycopodiella caroliniana
Ispot Southern Africa : Lycopodiella caroliniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lycopodiella caroliniana
Tropicos: Lycopodiella caroliniana
West African Plants database: Lycopodiella caroliniana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lycopodiella caroliniana., retrieved 25 May 2016

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