Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm.

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Lycopodiella cernua

Photo: Petra Ballings
Vumba, Cloudlands

Lycopodiella cernua

Photo: Petra Ballings
Vumba, Cloudlands

Lycopodiella cernua

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden, upper rd

Lycopodiella cernua

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden, upper rd

Lycopodiella cernua

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lepidotis cernua (L.) P. Beauv.
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic. Ser.
Lycopodium cernuum L.
Lycopodium secundum K. Muell.
Common names:
Status: Native
Main stem creeping on the ground for most of its length, rooting at points of contact with the ground; secondary stems erect, much-branched; tree-like. Foliage leaves needle-like, 3 × 0.3 mm, entire, patent and curving forward. Fertile portions borne in sessile, solitary, strobili, up to 1 cm long, at the apex of the drooping branches. Sporophylls 1.5 × 1.2 mm, ovate, tapering.
Notes: Very distinctive drooping cones, should not be confused with any other fern.
Derivation of specific name: cernua: drooping, nodding; referring to the hanging branch tips and strobili that make the plant look like a miniature fir tree.
Habitat: Forest margins, marshy areas along streams and in open sunny disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 20 December 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 18. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 80.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 42 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 138. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 28 - 29.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 23.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 17 - 18.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 20.


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Other sources of information about Lycopodiella cernua:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Lycopodiella cernua
Flora of Mozambique: Lycopodiella cernua
Flora of Zambia: Lycopodiella cernua

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lycopodiella cernua
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lycopodiella cernua
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycopodiella cernua
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lycopodiella cernua
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lycopodiella cernua
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lycopodiella cernua
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycopodiella cernua
Ispot Southern Africa : Lycopodiella cernua
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycopodiella cernua
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lycopodiella cernua
Tropicos: Lycopodiella cernua
West African Plants database: Lycopodiella cernua

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lycopodiella cernua., retrieved 26 May 2016

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