Selaginella nivea Alston
subsp. nivea

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Fern creeping, mat-forming. Stems repeatedly branched, terminating in short, rather club-shaped fascicles of leaves. Leaves randomly arranged, linear-lanceolate, 1.5-2 × 0.25 mm, margins with short cilia, apex tapering to a point and ending in a white seta 1/4 of the total leaf length. Leaves bluish-green when fresh, becoming light creamy-brown to whitish with age and breaking away. Strobilus 2.5 mm long, situated on the end of the branches. Sporophylls in 4 lines, lanceolate-ovate on the upper side, broadly ovate on the lower side.
Notes: S. nivea can easily be confused with S. dregei which has a longer apical seta (a third to a quarter of the length of the leaf blade), sporophylls that are arranged in 2 ranks and leaves that have a dorsiventral arrangement along the stem.
Derivation of specific name: nivea: snow white, referring to the pale colour of the dried leaves.
Habitat: Open sandy places in dry Colophospermum mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 200 - 400 m
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 25 - 26. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 86 - 87. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 15.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 144. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 25.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 26.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 25.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 16.


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Other sources of information about Selaginella nivea subsp. nivea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Selaginella nivea subsp. nivea
Flora of Mozambique: Selaginella nivea subsp. nivea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Selaginella nivea
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Selaginella nivea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Selaginella nivea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Selaginella nivea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Selaginella nivea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Selaginella nivea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Selaginella nivea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Selaginella nivea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Selaginella nivea
Ispot Southern Africa: Selaginella nivea
JSTOR Plant Science: Selaginella nivea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Selaginella nivea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Selaginella nivea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Selaginella nivea
Tropicos: Selaginella nivea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Selaginella nivea subsp. nivea.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100170, retrieved 12 December 2017

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