Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.
subsp. ramosissimum

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Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Greystone Park Nature Reserve, Harare.

Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Greystone Park Nature Reserve, Harare.

Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Uzumba C.L., Nyaganda school area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Equisetum burchellii Vaucher
Equisetum thunbergii Wikstr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Subterranean stem black, up to 5 mm in diameter, usually vertical and deeply buried, branching into horizontal stems, all rooting at the nodes and bearing aerial stems at intervals. Aerial stem hollow, longitudinally ribbed, erect, c. 0.5-1 (2)m tall, with up to 16 thinner branches arranged in whorls at the nodes. Leaves scale-like, up to 10 mm, narrowly lanceolate with a single vein, often shiny-black with pale translucent margins, 1 per stemrib; 12-16 leaves unite for most of their length but with free black acuminate teeth and form a whorled sheath above each node. Strobili borne terminally on the main stem, oblong, 23 × 8 mm, with a blunt conical apex.
Derivation of specific name: ramosissimum: much branched, referring to the numerous whorls of branches that this fern has at each node.
Habitat: Terrestrial in moist areas, along perennial streams, in seasonally flooded areas and among grasses in full sun.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Madagascan region, Macaronesia, southern and central Europe, Asia (except Malaysia), south and central America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 December 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 37 - 38. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 31. as Equisetum ramosissimum (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 81. As Equisetum ramosissimum

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 134 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 158 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 35 - 36.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 17 - 18.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 29 - 30.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 32 - 34. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 15. as Equisetum ramosissimum


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Other sources of information about Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum
Flora of Malawi: Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum
Flora of Mozambique: Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum
Flora of Zambia: Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Equisetum ramosissimum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Equisetum ramosissimum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Equisetum ramosissimum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Equisetum ramosissimum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Equisetum ramosissimum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Equisetum ramosissimum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Equisetum ramosissimum
Ispot Southern Africa : Equisetum ramosissimum
JSTOR Plant Science: Equisetum ramosissimum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Equisetum ramosissimum
Tropicos: Equisetum ramosissimum
West African Plants database: Equisetum ramosissimum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100210, retrieved 21 October 2016

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