Ophioglossum reticulatum L.

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Ophioglossum reticulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Stream below Silvermist cottage, Troutback

Ophioglossum reticulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Frog 'n' Fern Cottages, Chimanimani

Ophioglossum reticulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chinziwa Mt., Vumba

Ophioglossum reticulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chinziwa Mt., Vumba

Ophioglossum reticulatum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Circular drive, Nyanga N.P.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ophioglossum vulgatum L. var. reticulatum (L.) D.C. Eaton
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome linear to oval, 10-22 mm long often arising from a horizontal root; roots fleshy, horizontal, proliferous; leaf bases not persistent. Leaves 1 to 2 (sometimes up to 4), held at 50-80% from the horizontal, bright green. Petiole up to 40-130 mm long, 35–60% of its length subterranean. Sterile lamina 24-80 × 20-60 mm, circular to broadly ovate, length:width ratio 1.5–2.1:1, apex pointed with a short mucro to rounded, base deeply notched to truncate, texture fleshy; fertile spike 80–250 mm long, inserted at the base of the lamina or up to 2 cm below the apparent base, with 20–45 pairs of sporangia, apex narrowly to broadly pointed.
Notes: O. reticulatum could be confused with O. vulgatum and O. polyphyllum. O. vulgatum has a tapering leaf base and mostly a single leaf that is lanceolate to narrowly ovate in outline. O. polyphyllum has conspicuous persistent petiole bases at the top of the rhizome.
Derivation of specific name: reticulatum: netlike, like a network; referring to the venation pattern.
Habitat: Wet sheetrock mats, wet grasslands, dry forests, forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 1060 - 1550 m
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, tropical Africa, Asia, Pacific Islands, Central and South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 23 June 2013

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 44 - 46. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 82.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 165 - 166. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 38.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 33 - 34.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 35.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 37 - 38.


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Other sources of information about Ophioglossum reticulatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ophioglossum reticulatum
Flora of Mozambique: Ophioglossum reticulatum
Flora of Zambia: Ophioglossum reticulatum

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ophioglossum reticulatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ophioglossum reticulatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ophioglossum reticulatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ophioglossum reticulatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ophioglossum reticulatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ophioglossum reticulatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Ophioglossum reticulatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ophioglossum reticulatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ophioglossum reticulatum
Tropicos: Ophioglossum reticulatum
West African Plants database: Ophioglossum reticulatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ophioglossum reticulatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100320, retrieved 25 October 2016

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