Osmunda regalis L.

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Osmunda regalis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Vumba, Essex Road

Osmunda regalis

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Osmunda regalis

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Osmunda regalis

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Along the path to Nanke Cave, Matobo Hills

Osmunda regalis

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Along the path to Nanke Cave, Matobo Hills

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Osmunda capensis C.Presl
Osmunda regalis L. var. capensis (C.Presl) Milde
Osmunda schelpei A.E.Bobrov
Osmunda transvaalensis A.E.Bobrov
Common names: Royal fern (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome erect to suberect; fronds tufted, glabrous, 60-120 × 30-45 cm. Stipe up to 30 cm long. Lamina up to 1 m, bipinnate and ovate in outline. Sterile pinnules oblong-lanceolate in outline; apex rounded; base asymmetrically truncate; margin minutely serrate. Fertile pinnules situated on the end of the lamina and covered with sporangia.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: regalis: regal, royal; referring to the majestic growth of the plant or to King Osmund (Osmunda) of the South Saxons
Habitat: Along streams in woodland and forest with the rhizome continuously in water
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also high mountains of tropical Africa, temperate parts of Europe, Asia, America, Madagascar, Mascarene Islands
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 24 January 2010
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 49 - 50. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 38. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 82.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 44 - 46. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Osmunda regalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Osmunda regalis
Flora of Mozambique: Osmunda regalis
Flora of Zambia: Osmunda regalis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Osmunda regalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Osmunda regalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Osmunda regalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Osmunda regalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Osmunda regalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Osmunda regalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Osmunda regalis
Ispot Southern Africa : Osmunda regalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Osmunda regalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Osmunda regalis
Tropicos: Osmunda regalis
West African Plants database: Osmunda regalis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Osmunda regalis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100390, retrieved 1 July 2016

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