Hymenophyllum tunbridgense (L.) Sm.

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Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trichomanes thomassetii C.H. Wright
Trichomanes tunbridgense L.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome wiry, bearing fronds up to 7 cm apart. Stipe up to 3 cm long, filiform, not winged or narrowly winged in the upper half. Lamina lanceolate, narrowly oblong or narrowly elliptic in outline, up to 14 × 3.5 cm. Pinnae bilaterally pinnatifid to 2-pinnatifid in up to 25 lobes; ultimate lobes linear, glabrous, margins entire basally, becoming serrate towards the tips. Sori borne on the lowest acroscopic lobes, soral valves serrate, base of the sorus not winged by the lamina lobes.
Notes: This fern can be separated from others in by having glabrous fronds and lobe margins that are serrated towards the apices.
Derivation of specific name: tunbri(d)gense: this fern was first collected in southern England, in the towns of either Tonbridge or Tunbridge Wells.
Habitat: Terrestrial, epiphyte or lithophyte in montane or forest areas that receive frequent mist.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 2590 m
Worldwide distribution: Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Malwi, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 97 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 84.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 162 - 163. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 41.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 47.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 80. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum tunbridgense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense

External websites:

African Plant Database: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Ispot Southern Africa : Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense
West African Plants database: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenophyllum tunbridgense.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100480, retrieved 27 June 2016

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