Hymenophyllum capillare (Desv.) Copel.
var. alternialatum (Pic.Serm.) Faden

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Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum

Photo: Petra Ballings

Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Sphaerocionium capillare (Desv.) Copel. var. alternialatum Pic. Serm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome slender, wiry, widely creeping. Stipe 15-50 mm long, wiry, not winged but sparsely clothed with fine stellate hairs. Lamina pendulous, oblong-linear, up to 55 × 3 cm, 2- or 3-pinnatifid, membranous. Pinnae pinnatifid into up to 7 linear lobes, apices rounded, margins entire, both surfaces set with stellate hairs with long radiating arms. Rhachis not winged, hairy. Sori at the apices of the lobes in the distal area of each pinna, obconic with rounded indusial valves set with stellate hairs.
Notes: H. capillare can be distinguished from other species by its hairy fronds and a rhachis that is not winged.
Derivation of specific name: capillare: "capillus": hair, the fronds are hairy; alternialatum: alternating wings, probably referring to the alternate arrangement of the pinnae
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in deeply shaded evergreen mist forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1300 - 2150 m
Worldwide distribution: From south-central Africa extending to central, east and north-east Africa; also Ghana, Madagascar and the Comoro and Mascarene islands.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 99. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85. As Hymenophyllum capillare Desv.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 195. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7. As sphaerocionium capillare

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 44. As Sphaerocionium capillare

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 44.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 80 - 81. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenophyllum capillare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenophyllum capillare
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenophyllum capillare
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenophyllum capillare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hymenophyllum capillare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenophyllum capillare
Ispot Southern Africa : Hymenophyllum capillare
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenophyllum capillare
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenophyllum capillare
Tropicos: Hymenophyllum capillare
West African Plants database: Hymenophyllum capillare

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenophyllum capillare var. alternialatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100490, retrieved 25 May 2016

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