Schizaea pectinata (L.) Sw.

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Schizaea pectinata

Photo: Petra Ballings

Schizaea pectinata

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Acrostichum pectinatum L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome shortly creeping, horizontal to suberect; rhizome scales brown, linear, twisted, up to 4 mm long. Fronds closely spaced to crowded, numerous. Stipe up to 7 cm long, dark brown for most of its length. Sterile frond simple, up to 30 cm long, very narrowly linear, green and inrolled at first, brown and recurved later. Fertile frond like sterile frond but with a pinnate, comb-like apical fertile portion, horizontal or descending. Pinnae up to 18 pairs, linear, 5-12 mm long and 1 mm wide, uniformly in length or with the longest in the middle, ciliate with pale hairs. Rhachis of the fertile portion held horizontally and curved. Sporangia packed in 2 rows on each side of the costa.
Notes: Could be confused with Schizaea tenella which has a straight rhachis, 5-8 pairs of pinna which are at the most 3 mm long and are becoming smaller towards the apex. It occurs close to water.
Derivation of specific name: pectinata: comb bearing; a reference to the comb-like fertile segment of the frond.
Habitat: In full sun or partial shade in montane grassland and in ericoid vegetation.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1830 m
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 56 - 58. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 82.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 190 - 191. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 15.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 173 - 174. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 49. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 54.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 52. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Schizaea pectinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Schizaea pectinata
Flora of Mozambique: Schizaea pectinata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Schizaea pectinata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Schizaea pectinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizaea pectinata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Schizaea pectinata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Schizaea pectinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Schizaea pectinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizaea pectinata
Ispot Southern Africa : Schizaea pectinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizaea pectinata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Schizaea pectinata
Tropicos: Schizaea pectinata
West African Plants database: Schizaea pectinata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Schizaea pectinata., retrieved 27 October 2016

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