Schizaea tenella Kaulf.

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Schizaea tenella

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Schizaea tenella

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Synonyms: Microschizaea tenella (Kaulf.) C.F.Reed
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome shortly creeping, horizontal; rhizome scales golden brown, up to 1.5 mm long. Fronds closely spaced. Stipe round, dark brown to black. Sterile fronds up to 30 cm long, narrowly linear, grass-like, twisted, simple, glabrous. Fertile fronds like sterile fronds but bearing a tightly folded, pinnate, fertile segment at the apex, up to 12 mm long, ascending. Pinnae 5-8 pairs, up to 3 mm long and 1 mm wide, decreasing towards the apex. Rhachis of the fertile portion straight, held at 45° to erect stipe. Sporangia closely packed in two rows on both sides of the costa.
Notes: Can be confused with Schizaea pectinata which has a curved, horizontally held rhachis, up to 18 pairs of pinna which are up to 12 mm long with the longest situated in the middle. It occurs away from water.
Derivation of specific name: tenella: small, dainty
Habitat: Terrestrial or lithophytic, along perennial montane streams, partially or deeply shaded.
Altitude range: (metres) 200 - 1200 m
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, occurence in Zimbabwe based on a single record.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 56. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 54.


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Other sources of information about Schizaea tenella:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Schizaea tenella

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Schizaea tenella
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizaea tenella
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Schizaea tenella
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Schizaea tenella
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Schizaea tenella
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizaea tenella
Ispot Southern Africa : Schizaea tenella
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizaea tenella
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Schizaea tenella
Tropicos: Schizaea tenella
West African Plants database: Schizaea tenella


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Schizaea tenella.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100600, retrieved 1 September 2016

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