Pellaea longipilosa Bonap.

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Pellaea longipilosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Makuti

Pellaea longipilosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Makuti

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome shortly creeping to sub-erect, up to 8 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, subentire, linear, 4-5 mm long. Fronds tufted, erect, coriaceous. Stipe brown to black, up to 20 cm long, glabrous with age and with pale brown scales near the base similar to those on the rhizome. Lamina narrowly oblong to lanceolate in outline, up to 39 cm × 12 cm, imparipinnate to 2-pinnate in the lower parst, with up to 20 pairs of pinnae. Pinnae narrowly ovate to linear in outline, up to 6.5 cm long, slowly tapering to a somewhat rounded apex, cordate base articulated to a short petiole, glabrous above, sparsely hairy or glabrous below, veins hardly visible and free. Rhachis and secondary rhachises brown to black, with a brown indumentum becoming glabrous with age. Sori marginal, continuous; indusium entire, membranous, continuous.
Notes: Could be mistaken for P. dura or P. doniana. P. dura has anastomosing veins, a more slender stipe and less hairs on stipe and rhachis. P. doniana is never 2-pinnate.
Derivation of specific name: longipilosa: with long hairs, referring to the indumentum on the upper side of the rhachis (Jacobsen 1983); misleading allusion to the short brown hairs along stipe and rhachis (Burrows 1990)
Habitat: On granite, sandstone, shales and serpentines in rocky deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1600 m
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 August 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 170 - 172. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 88.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 273. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 55 - 56.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 71 - 72.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 190.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 129 - 131. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Pellaea longipilosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pellaea longipilosa
Flora of Mozambique: Pellaea longipilosa
Flora of Zambia: Pellaea longipilosa

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pellaea longipilosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pellaea longipilosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pellaea longipilosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pellaea longipilosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Pellaea longipilosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pellaea longipilosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Pellaea longipilosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Pellaea longipilosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pellaea longipilosa
Tropicos: Pellaea longipilosa
West African Plants database: Pellaea longipilosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pellaea longipilosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=100950, retrieved 27 June 2016

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