Acrostichum aureum L.

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Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

Acrostichum aureum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Chisekera Springs, Chiredze

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acrostichum guineense Gand.
Acrostichum inaequale Willd.
Chrysodium aureum (L.) Mett.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Plants in colonies or large isolated clumps. Rhizome erect to procumbent, massive, c. 6 mm in diameter; rhizome scales hard, up to 20 mm long, dark brown, linear-lanceolate in outline, margins irregular to lacerate. Fronds erect to arching, tufted, coriaceous, up to 2.5 m long. Stipe brown, up to 0.8 m long (up to 1/3 of total frond length). Lamina pinnate with a free conform terminal pinna, roughly lanceolate in outline. Sterile pinnae petiolate, glabrous, linear to oblong-lanceolate in outline, margin entire to wavy, apex rounded to bluntly pointed, base unequally wedge-shaped, usually directed forward at about 45° from the rachis and facing upwards; midrib prominent on lower surface; venation visible on upper surface with areoles. Fertile pinnae similar in size and shape to sterile pinnae, or sometimes slightly smaller, undersurface entirely covered with sori.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: aureum: golden, possibly referring to the golden-brown colour of the ripening sporangia in our specimens.
Habitat: Mostly in coastal mudflats, mangrove forest and reedbeds, in or near estuaries, at inland springs, exposed or lightly shaded.
In south-eastern Zimbabwe it was recorded next to some hot springs, in peatlike soil with salt efflorescences.
Altitude range: (metres) 550 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: pantropical
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Critically Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 3 February 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 114. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 298 - 299. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 13.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 219 - 220. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 81 - 82. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 150.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 99. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acrostichum aureum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Acrostichum aureum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acrostichum aureum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acrostichum aureum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acrostichum aureum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acrostichum aureum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acrostichum aureum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acrostichum aureum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acrostichum aureum
Ispot Southern Africa : Acrostichum aureum
JSTOR Plant Science: Acrostichum aureum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acrostichum aureum
Tropicos: Acrostichum aureum
West African Plants database: Acrostichum aureum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acrostichum aureum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101170, retrieved 1 July 2016

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