Vittaria elongata Sw.

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Vittaria elongata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rusitu river, Haroni-Rusitu.

Vittaria elongata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Rusitu River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Oetosis elongata (Sw.) Greene
Vittaria hildenbrandtii Hieron.
Vittaria stuhlmannii Hieron.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, branched; rhizome scales very dark brown, up to 6 mm long, lanceolate, clathrate, hairpointed. Fronds numerous, spaced at 5-15 mm intervals, thinly coracious. Lamina 20-80 × 0.5-1 cm, narrowed into a pale green to strawcoloured wiry stipe when dried, apex rounded, mucronate, with a hydathode at the tip. Midrib and veins obscure. Sori marginal in a groove formed by two narrow indusialike flanges of the lamina rim. Paraphyses articulated, simple, apical cell turbinate.
Notes: V.elongata differs from other species by having strictly marginal sori and relatively broad fronds.
Derivation of specific name: elongata: long, lengthened: referring to the long linear fronds.
Habitat: Low-altitude forest in the extreme south-east of Zimbabwe.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Comoro Isl., Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Pemba, Seychelles, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 July 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 111 - 112. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 16.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 215 - 216. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 83.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 73.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 96. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Vittaria elongata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vittaria elongata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vittaria elongata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vittaria elongata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vittaria elongata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vittaria elongata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vittaria elongata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vittaria elongata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vittaria elongata
Ispot Southern Africa : Vittaria elongata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vittaria elongata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vittaria elongata
Tropicos: Vittaria elongata
West African Plants database: Vittaria elongata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vittaria elongata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101180, retrieved 25 September 2016

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