Microlepia speluncae (L.) T. Moore

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Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
Honde Valley, Aberfoyle, Nyakombe river

Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
Haroni-Rusitu, Rusitu river

Microlepia speluncae

Photo: Petra Ballings
Way to outward bound, Hadango river, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aspidium speluncae (L.) Willd.
Davallia speluncae (L.) Baker
Polypodium speluncae L.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome widely creeping, 5-10 mm diameter; rhizome hairs few, pale, up to 4 mm long. Fronds widely spaced, membranous. Stipe up to 1 m long, brown, glabrous at maturity. Lamina 1.5 × 1 m, 4-pinnatifid to 4-pinnate, triangular in outline. Ultimate segments oblong-lanceolate, with rounded apex and lobed margins, both surfaces and costules with few, soft hairs. Sori circular, 1 mm diameter, situated at the end of the veins, which also bear a clear gland on the upper surface; indusium cup-shaped and facing outwards.
Notes: It can be distinguished from Hypolepis sparsisora by having a thinly pubescent lamina and pinna that stand in the same plane as the main axis. Microlepia speluncae favours shaded areas whereas Hypolepis sparsisora lives in areas with high-light conditions.
Derivation of specific name: speluncae: from spelunca, a cave, referring to the sporangia sheltered in the cup-shaped indusium or less likely to the deeply shaded habitat of this fern.
Habitat: In moist conditions in semi-deciduous forest, evergreen forest, swamp forest and marshes, mostly in shaded habitats.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, also in the Madagascan region, pantropical.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 December 2011
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 106. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 282 - 283. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 81 - 82.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 89. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 111.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 89 - 92. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 15.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 179.


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Other sources of information about Microlepia speluncae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Microlepia speluncae
Flora of Caprivi: Microlepia speluncae
Flora of Malawi: Microlepia speluncae
Flora of Mozambique: Microlepia speluncae
Flora of Zambia: Microlepia speluncae

External websites:

African Plant Database: Microlepia speluncae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Microlepia speluncae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Microlepia speluncae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Microlepia speluncae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Microlepia speluncae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Microlepia speluncae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Microlepia speluncae
Ispot Southern Africa : Microlepia speluncae
JSTOR Plant Science: Microlepia speluncae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Microlepia speluncae
Tropicos: Microlepia speluncae
West African Plants database: Microlepia speluncae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Microlepia speluncae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101300, retrieved 29 May 2016

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