Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J.Sm.

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Histiopteris incisa

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Histiopteris incisa

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Histiopteris incisa

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Litobrochia incisa (Thunb.) C.Presl
Phegopteris incisa (Thunb.) Keyserl.
Pteris incisa Thunb.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome subterranean, creeping, c. 6 mm diameter; scales midbrown, lanceolate, attenuate, 1-3 mm long, sometimes interspersed with brown hairs. Fronds widely spaced, glabrous on both surfaces, herbaceous, glaucus-green. Stipe up to 60 cm long, glabrous, pale brown, but darker brown with scattered scales near the base. Lamina 2 × 1 m, ovate-lanceolate in outline, deeply 3-pinnatifid. Pinnules incised almost to the costules, margins entire, ultimate lobes roughly oblong with rounded apices. A pair of reduced pinnules is present at the junction of the rhachis and secondary rhachis. Sori linear, borne along the margins but absent at the apex and in the sinuses; pseudo-indusium membranous, entire.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: incisa: incised, referring to the deeply incised pinnules.
Habitat: In forest margins or clearings, along streams, seepage zones or roadsides, exposed or in light shade.
Altitude range: (metres) 100 - 1800 m
Worldwide distribution: Central and tropical Africa and widespread in the southern temperate regions of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 10 February 2009
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 103. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 85.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 294 - 295. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 206 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 84 - 85.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 92. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 110.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 84 - 86. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Histiopteris incisa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Histiopteris incisa
Flora of Zambia: Histiopteris incisa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Histiopteris incisa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Histiopteris incisa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Histiopteris incisa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Histiopteris incisa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Histiopteris incisa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Histiopteris incisa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Histiopteris incisa
Ispot Southern Africa : Histiopteris incisa
JSTOR Plant Science: Histiopteris incisa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Histiopteris incisa
Tropicos: Histiopteris incisa
West African Plants database: Histiopteris incisa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Histiopteris incisa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101370, retrieved 31 August 2016

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