Pleopeltis polypodioides (L.) E.G.Andrews & Windham
subsp. ecklonii (Kunze) J.P.Roux

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Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp.  ecklonii

Photo: Petra Ballings
Great enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp.  ecklonii

Photo: Petra Ballings
Great enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp.  ecklonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Blue mountain road/turnoff to Ardroy guest house, Vumba

Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp.  ecklonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Blue mountain road/turnoff to Ardroy guest house, Vumba

Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp.  ecklonii

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Buchwa, area close to tunnel

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polypodium ecklonii Kunze
Polypodium incanum sensu Sim
Polypodium polypodioides (L.) Watt subsp. ecklonii (Kunze) Schelpe
Polypodium polypodioides sensu Sim
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome long creeping, slender, C. 2 mm in diameter; rhizome scales dark brown, lanceolate, entire, appressed, c. 3mm long, with a dark area at the base. Fronds spaced apart. Stipe up to 13 cm long; scales on stipe ovate, dark brown with pale margins, appressed. Lamina up to 21 × 6.5 cm, oblong-deltate in outline, pinate to pinnatifid to near the midrib; lobes linear to narrowly oblong, entire, base broadly adnate, apex rounded. Upper surface glabrous, lower surface set with round to broadly lanceolate, entire, peltate scales, c. 0.5 mm, grey to pale creamy brown with a dark centre. Veins obscure, anastomising or free with terminal hydathodes. Sori round to oval, up to 12 per lobe, up to 1.5 mm in diameter, submarginal but protuding beyond the margin at maturity, exindusiate, without paraphyses.
Notes: Can be set aside from similar species by the peltate scales that are set on the undersurface of the pinate-pinnatifid lamina.
Derivation of specific name: polypodioides: like Polypodium, ecklonii: named after C.F. Ecklon (1795-1868), a botanist whom collected in the Cape in South Africa during the 1830s
Habitat: Epiphyte or lithophyte in higher-rainfall areas in mist forest, low-altitude semideciduous forest and woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 200 - 1700 m
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 April 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 194 - 195. As Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 566 - 567. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 318 - 319. As Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 9. As Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 102 - 103. As Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 163.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta FZ Pages 158 - 159. As Polypodium polypodioides subsp. ecklonii


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Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pleopeltis polypodioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pleopeltis polypodioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pleopeltis polypodioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pleopeltis polypodioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Pleopeltis polypodioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pleopeltis polypodioides
Ispot Southern Africa : Pleopeltis polypodioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Pleopeltis polypodioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pleopeltis polypodioides
Tropicos: Pleopeltis polypodioides
West African Plants database: Pleopeltis polypodioides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pleopeltis polypodioides subsp. ecklonii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101520, retrieved 31 October 2014

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