Nephrolepis undulata (Afzel.) J. Sm.

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Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyakombe river, Aberfoyle

Nephrolepis undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Hadange River crossing, rd to Outward Bound, Chimanimani

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Synonyms: Aspidium undulatum Afzel. ex Sw.
Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C.Presl var. undulata (Afzel. ex Sw.) C.Chr.
Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C.Presl var. compacta Bonap.
Nephrolepis tuberosa (Bory ex Willd.) C.Presl var. undulata (Afzel. ex Sw.) Mett. ex Kuhn
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome short, erect, with long stolons, in places producing elliptical tubers, up to 25 mm long, from which new plants arise. Fronds few, tufted, erect, herbaceous. Stipe up to 16 cm long, brown, with sparse narrowly lanceolate, entire, brown scales up to 4 mm long, glabrous with age. Lamina up to 90 × 11 cm, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate in outline, pinnate, lower pinnae gradually reduced. Pinnae sessile, articulated, closely spaced or overlapping, narrowly oblong in outline, base cordate and auricled or lobed on the acroscopic side, overlapping on to the rhachis, apex rounded to pointed, both surfaces glabrous, margins entire or crenate, veins free, ending in an inconspicuous submarginal hydathode. Rhachis stramineous to pale brown, glabrous to subglabrous. Sori c. 1.5 mm wide, semi-lunulate, set in a submarginal line along both sides of the pinnae; indusia facing the margin, semi-lunulate, membranous, entire.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: undulata: wavy, unclear reference, possibly describing the pinna margins.
Habitat: Terrestrial along forest margins in montane grassland, in riverine forest, in swampy areas, along seepage lines, in pockets of humus on rocky cliff faces.
Altitude range: (metres) 880 - 1750 m
Worldwide distribution: Worldwide, widespread in Africa and tropical Central and South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 9 September 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 204 - 205. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 91.

Hovenkamp, P.H. & Miyamoto, F. (2005). A conspectus of the native and naturalized species of Nephrolepis (Nephrolepidaceae) in the world BLUMEA 50 Pages 279 - 322. Distribution map page 295

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 322 - 323. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 117 - 118.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8. As N. cordifolia

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 116. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 111. As N. cordifolia

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 148.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 162. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Nephrolepis undulata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Nephrolepis undulata
Flora of Mozambique: Nephrolepis undulata
Flora of Zambia: Nephrolepis undulata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Nephrolepis undulata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Nephrolepis undulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nephrolepis undulata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nephrolepis undulata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nephrolepis undulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Nephrolepis undulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nephrolepis undulata
Ispot Southern Africa : Nephrolepis undulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Nephrolepis undulata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nephrolepis undulata
Tropicos: Nephrolepis undulata
West African Plants database: Nephrolepis undulata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nephrolepis undulata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101630, retrieved 2 July 2016

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